Malware is a word which is referred to any programs or files that is harmful for computer. These programs or files can come in different forms. For example, scripts, executable code, active content, or rogue security software. They can have a variety of functions. These functions include stealing, deleting or encrypting data. They can also monitor users’s activities without their permission. They can change or steal the main computing functions. This article aims to make you familiar with different Malware types.
There are a wide range of viruses. There are over one million viruses in the world. Their main purpose is to destroy a system or data. They are able to infect files. They can also infect the boot section.
Spywares are programs that can record Whatever you do on your computer. Some of them are designed to help users. They can access and view other users’s computer screen. Most of Spywares are harmful and can capture logins and passwords. Moreover, they are able to record credit cards details.
Worms are programs which are independent and can replicate themselves. They can spread to other files. They are different with viruses. They do not need to attach themselves to an existing program.
It is the least harmful malware. It is able to download and show unwanted ads that direct users again to advertiser websites. There are two kinds of Adwares. One of them is called Benign Adware. The other one is malicious Adware. Benign Adware asks for users’s permission while malicious Adware does not ask for permission. There are two ways of infecting. One of them is via freeware. The other way is by an infected website.
It is one of the most harmful malwares. It can change its appearance and act as a legitimate software. They are able to steal data.
These malwares are very hard to discover. They can hide certain activities and programs. Their purpose is to prevent malwares from being detected. They are very hard to remove.
They are able to record every keystroke. Their purpose is to gain access to logins and passwords. Sometimes companies use it to record employees’ activities . It is also useful for parents to monitor their children.
Ransomware is a kind of malicious software which is used for locking systems . It is also used for blocking access of users when they are online. If you don’t want it to show messages, you have to pay money. Sometimes it shows itself as a police or FBI.
It changes your browser setting. It redirects you to a different website. Its purpose is to put traffic to a special site.
There are other Malware types too which you will gradually become familiar with.
How to prevent malware attacks?
In order to prevent malware infection, You ought to use a good antivirus. An effective antivirus can be a good strategy for your devices’ security.